Father: Damodardas Modi
Mother: Hiraba “Heeraben” Modi
Marriage: Jashodaben (Chimanlal) Modi (1968-present, separated)
Education: Delhi University, B.A., 1978; Gujarat University, M.A., 1983
Left home in his late teens to travel India, stay in ashrams and wander the Himalayas.
First prime minister born in independent India.
October 3, 1972 –
Joins the Hindu nationalist
organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.
June 1975 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi imposes a period of emergency as she faces a political crisis. Civil liberties are restricted, media is censored, and protesters are arrested. Modi becomes involved in the movement to restore those rights.
1987 – Enters mainstream politics and joins the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as organization secretary of the Gujarat unit in western India.
October 3, 1995 – Becomes the national secretary of the BJP.
January 5, 1998 – Is promoted to become the national general secretary of BJP.
October 2001 – Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
names him chief minister of Gujarat.
At least 58 people die in a fire on board a train carrying Hindu pilgrims. The train had stopped briefly at a station in Gujarat where the local population was majority-Muslim. The Gujarat Government would later find
that the fire was intentionally set, part of a pre-planned attack, and that those responsible were Muslim. Riots erupt in the days following the fire and Modi is accused of condoning the violent protests that kill approximately 1,000 people, mostly Muslims.
2005 – The United States declines to issue a diplomatic visa to Modi for his suspected role in the 2002 riots.
June 2013 – Modi is chosen as the BJP party leader and campaigns for the 2014 general elections.
May 20, 2014 –
The BJP wins the general election and Modi is appointed prime minister.
May 26, 2014 – Takes the oath of office as prime minister.
December 8, 2014 – Modi wins a Time magazine reader’s poll
as person of the year.
January 25-27, 2015 – Obama becomes the first sitting US president to visit India twice. During the three-day visit, Obama and Modi negotiate a civil nuclear deal, a ten-year defense cooperation agreement between the two countries.
June 8, 2016 – Addressing a joint session of the US Congress,
Modi speaks about the continuing growth of US-India relations.
June 26, 2017 –
Meets with US President Donald Trump
for the first time at the White House.
July 4, 2017 –
Becomes the first Indian Prime Minister to visit Israel,
arriving in Tel Aviv as part of a three-day visit to mark 25 years of diplomatic relations between India and Israel.
May 30, 2019 – Sworn in for a second term
as India’s prime minister.
August 5, 2019 – Tensions between India and Pakistan increase
after Modi announces that India will revoke a constitutional provision giving the state of Jammu and Kashmir
autonomy to set its own laws. In the wake of the announcement, widespread communications blackouts are reported in the Muslim-majority region.
August 8, 2019 – Modi delivers a televised address
in which he claims that revoking Kashmir’s autonomous status will promote stability, reduce corruption and boost the economy. Pakistan’s foreign minister says the country will remain vigilant, but no military options are being considered. The United Nations
issues a statement calling on both countries to resolve the issue peacefully while respecting human rights in the region.
December 11, 2019 – Parliament passes a controversial bill
that will fast-track citizenship for religious minorities including Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists,
Jains, Parsis and Christians,
from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Opposition parties say the bill is unconstitutional as it bases citizenship on a person’s religion and would further marginalize India’s Muslim community. Modi expresses his support for the measure via Twitter,
saying, “This Bill will alleviate the suffering of many who faced persecution for years.”
December 19, 2019 – Deadly protests erupt in at least 15 cities
against the citizenship law, despite bans on public gatherings in several areas. At least three people have died amid the violence, as thousands participated in demonstrations.
December 22, 2019 – Modi delivers a speech railing against the protests.
“You have seen how these people are pushing their own interests,” he says. “The statements given, the false videos, inciting, people sitting at a high level have committed the crime of spreading confusion and fire by putting it on social media.”